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Thirty-five patients were transported by air and two by ground. Six patients underwent cardiac transplantation, all of whom survived to discharge. After adjusting for other covariates post-CM-ECMO renal support was the only variable associated with the composite outcome of death/need MK-2206 order for cardiac transplant (odds ratio = 13.2; 95% confidence interval, 1.60�C108.90; P= 0.003). There were two minor complications (equipment failure/dysfunction) and no major complications or deaths during transport. Conclusions.? Air and ground CM-ECMO transport of pediatric patients with refractory myocardial dysfunction is safe and effective. In our study cohort, the need for post-CM-ECMO renal support was associated with the composite outcome of death/need for cardiac transplant. ""Objectives.? In a randomized double-blind crossover trial, we compared the efficacy of phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor tadalafil with placebo in patients of Eisenmenger Syndrome (ES). The primary end point was the change in 6-minute walk test distance (6 MWD). Secondary end points were the effect of the drug on systemic oxygen saturation (SO2), pulmonary vascular resistance TRIB1 (PVR), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), effective pulmonary blood flow (EPBF), and World Health Organization (WHO) functional class. Background.? ES is a disorder with limited treatment options. Uncontrolled studies have shown PDE-5 inhibitors to be beneficial in patients of ES. Methods.? Twenty-eight symptomatic adult patients of ES with weight ��30?kg in WHO class II and III were enrolled. Patients were given 40?mg of tadalafil or matching placebo for 6 weeks followed by crossover to the other drug after a washout period of 2 weeks. Assessment of WHO class, exercise capacity by 6 MWD, and various hemodynamic parameters by cardiac catheterization was done at baseline, after 6 weeks and at the end of the study. Results.? All patients Ibrutinib supplier completed the study. There was significant increase in 6 MWD following drug administration compared with baseline (404.18 �� 69.54?m vs. 357.75 �� 73.25?m, P < .001). Compared with placebo, tadalafil produced significant decrease in PVR (?7.32 �� 1.58, P < .001), resulting in significant increase in EPBF (0.12 �� 0.05, P= .03), SO2 % (1.72 �� 0.58, P= .007), and WHO functional class (1.96 �� 0.18 vs. 2.14 �� 0.44, P= .025), with no significant change in SVR (P= NS). Conclusion.? In this first short-term placebo-controlled trial of tadalafil in patients of ES, the drug was well tolerated and significantly improved exercise capacity, functional class, SO2, and pulmonary hemodynamics. ""In this first issue of the Journal for 2014, we are publishing the first of a series of four interviews with Dr. Denton A. Cooley. When I first arrived at Texas Children's Hospital four years ago, I saw Dr.
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